Medical Laboratory Scientist 

Passionate about science and medicine? Consider pursuing a career as a medical laboratory scientist!

What does a Medical Laboratory Scientist/Technician (MLT) do?

Medical laboratory scientists, also referred to as clinical laboratory scientists or clinical lab technicians, help physicians make decisions on treatment and care depending on whether they find the presence of diseases in patients’ blood or other body fluids. They can work in a variety of settings, including hospital clinical laboratories, pharmaceutical industries, veterinary clinics, and blood donation centers to name a few!


Delving deeper into the world of medical laboratory scientists, they are an integral component to providing adequate patient care and treatment. They are oftentimes involved in determining the presence of, and treatment for, diabetes, heart disease, and many other illnesses. Tasks that medical laboratory scientists carry out are:

  • Study cells, tissues, and body fluids
  • Locate and recognize microorganisms that are infective
  • Survey chemical components of body fluids
  • Find and survey blood-clotting irregularities 
  • Analyze blood for transfusions 
  • Measure the effectiveness of treatments by testing blood for drug levels
  • Translating test results to help physicians and assuring their accuracy
Required Skills

Medical/clinical knowledge, attention to detail, affinity for problem solving, critical thinking and investigative skills, ability to work in a team, superb communication skills, and patience. 


Medical and clinical laboratory technicians need only an Associates degree, while medical laboratory scientists need a baccalaureate degree. With the more advanced education, medical laboratory scientists perform more in-depth or specialized testing and analyses. Medical laboratory scientists, in addition to gaining their baccalaureate degree, need also to complete a medical laboratory science program through an accredited institution.


Interest in mathematics, biology, and chemistry, analytical, meticulous and clean, passion for job, compassion and care for patients, and energetic. 

Average Salary

The average annual salary for a medical laboratory technician in New York State is $54,315, according to The average annual salary for a medical laboratory scientist in New York State is $66,525, according to–in-New-York.

Insight into MLT Careers in the LCHP Region

Find the information you need to work in the health care field within the LCHP region and develop your health career. 

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